AMH stands for Anti-Müllerian Hormone and is found in the reproductive tissues of both men and women. With age, the AMH levels decrease and this can lead to infertility problems. Although AMH is present in both men and women, it is often tested in women for its role in female fertility. Anti-Müllerian hormone test is used for diagnosing and monitoring the progression of female fertility.
In this article, we will discuss why people should get anti-müllerian hormone tests and what to expect.
What is AMH or Anti-Müllerian Hormone?
Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is a complex of hormones produced in the gonads (ovaries or testes). Its main function is to control the growth, differentiation, and maturation of the ova and sperm. AMH regulates follicular development by controlling the production of GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) from the anterior pituitary gland, which stimulates the hypothalamus to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
AMH levels are also regulated by estrogen and progesterone levels. Thus, AMH levels decrease with age.
What is an AMH Test?
An AMH test is done to check the level of AMH in your blood. The main reason for testing this is to see if you have any issues with female fertility and to monitor the effect of drugs on your AMH levels. You should also check the AMH test cost.
Why Should You Get an AMH Test?
To know the ovarian reserve
AMH test can be used to monitor your ovarian reserve. The ovarian reserve is the ability of the ovaries to produce eggs and release them from their resting place. With age, AMH level begins to decline.
To detect whether you have enough eggs for IVF
If you are considering undergoing in-vitro fertilization, get tested first. Your doctor will conduct an Anti-Müllerian Hormone test. The Anti-Müllerian Hormone levels can indicate how much reserve there is left in your ovaries. If the level is low, your chances of getting pregnant with the help of IVF drop precipitously.
To find out whether you should freeze eggs or plan pregnancy sooner
An AMH test can help you determine how many eggs are left in your ovaries and how much time you have left before your ovarian reserve is depleted. The doctor will take into account the results of the test, as well as your age, family history, and other factors to determine whether you should freeze your eggs or plan pregnancy sooner.
To diagnose PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome
AMH test is used for diagnosing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). One of the reasons why women have higher AMH levels is because of polycystic ovary syndrome.
To understand how a fertility treatment or drug is working for you
AMH test before, during, and after fertility treatment helps determine the effectiveness of your fertility treatment or prescribed drug.
What is a Normal AMH Level?
AMH levels vary with age; especially in women, the AMH levels increase from adolescence and reach a peak level by the age of 25. The AMH levels start decreasing after the age of 25 years. An average AMH level: 1.0 ng/mL to 3.0 ng/mL. Here are the general AMH levels for each age:
- 12–14 years 0.49–6.9 ng/ml
- 15–19 years 0.62–7.8 ng/ml
- 20–24 years 1.2–12 ng/ml
- 25–29 years 0.89–9.9 ng/ml
- 30–34 years 0.58–8.1 ng/ml
- 35–39 years 0.15–7.5 ng/ml
- 40–44 years 0.03–5.5 ng/ml
- 45–50 years <2.6 ng/ml
- 51–55 years <0.88 ng/ml
- >55 years <0.03 ng/ml
How to Increase the Chance of Getting Pregnant If Your AMH Level is Low?
Lower AMH levels can often be a problem for women because it means that their ovarian reserve is low. It means that they will have difficulty getting pregnant.
Here are some tips to help women increase their chance of getting pregnant even if their AMH level is low.
Vitamin D Supplementation
To conceive, it is best to take a vitamin D supplement. Vitamin D helps the FSH to stimulate the ovaries and produce eggs. FSH is needed for ovulation and increases AMH levels so that you will have more eggs.
Taking an L-arginine supplement increases AMH levels. So, with L-arginine supplementation, you will have more eggs to fertilize.
Stress Reduction and a Healthy Diet
The stress hormone cortisol is also responsible for AMH regulation. So make sure that you are not under a lot of stress and try to eat a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Have you been trying to conceive for a while? But has any success, it is time to see your doctor and take an Anti-Müllerian Hormone test. The results of this test will help you uncover the reasons behind infertility and decide if you should further pursue IVF or other fertility treatment.
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