The braking system of the car is by far the most important safety mechanism it has. The driver must be able to stop or slow down the vehicle using the brakes effortlessly. Improper brakes will fail to do their job and thus hamper the capability of the vehicle. This can create a potentially dangerous or an even fatal situation for the driver, especially in a panic situation. Hence, it is a good practice to regularly inspect the braking system of your vehicle, at regular intervals.
To ensure better safety of your car, let’s know the parts of its braking system.
- Pedal – the driver steps on the pedal of the brake when they want to stop the vehicle. The pressing of the pedal moves the piston located in the braking system’s master cylinder.
- Master cylinder – this is located directly in front of the driver’s seat in the engine on the firewall. This section houses two separate master cylinders. Each cylinder has a set of wheels. The master cylinder controls the hydraulic pressure of the fluids. The hydraulic tube lines connect the master cylinder to the brake cylinders. When pressure is applied on the pedal, two internal pistons move, and a valve opens in the master cylinder. This hydraulic fluid must pass through a chamber, a valve and a series of hoses and tubes to get to the brake cylinders.
- Brake booster – it is mounted on the firewall behind the master cylinder in a power braking system. This is a shell which is divided by a rubber diaphragm into two chambers. When stepped upon, the brake closes a valve in the diaphragm and opens another valve. This allows air into the chamber on the pedal side. By using an intake stroke of the engine to create a vacuum, the booster amplifies the applied foot pressure so that the amount of pressure needed to stop is not too much.
- Disc brakes – most cars have these on their front wheels, although newer vehicles may have disc brakes on all of its four wheels. With these, the fluid from the master cylinder is forced into a calliper where it presses against a piston. This piston then squeezes two brake pads on a disc rotor which is attached to the wheel. This then forces the wheel to slow down.
- Drum Brakes –these are found on the rear wheels. When the brakes are applied, the pressurized fluid makes its way to the drum brakes to its wheel cylinder. This eventually pushes the brake shoes in contact with the inside of the brake drum and slows the car. While a pushrod transfers motion from one shoe to the other.
- Brake lines – they are usually made up of steel, brake lines are that which carries the brake fluid from the master cylinder to the wheels, where pressure is applied to stop the car.
For maximum safety and reliable performance from your vehicle, have its braking system checked. Treadmark Wheels & Tyres suggests periodic maintenance and repair of the braking system for vehicles of every make and model. Brake Repair Uxbridge will help you stay safe on the roads of Uxbridge.
This routine practice will not only help to expand the life of your vehicle but allow you to save high costs for car repair. We offer a wide range of Car Service Uxbridge, make sure to enjoy them as well.
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