How Do You Maintain an HVAC System? 10 Tips for Maintenance

As a homeowner, one of the major systems that you need to look after is the HVAC system. Your system will run smoothly and efficiently with proper maintenance. You will also extend its lifetime, avoid expensive fixes, and have lower energy expenditure. Here are some tips for maintaining your HVAC system:


1. Remove Dust from Around the Unit


You would be amazed at how leaves, grass, dirt and even branches have crawled into your furnace and air conditioner. This may result in an array of expensive issues that will ultimately lead to a catastrophic failure of your unit. Why incur that cost when it can be caught early? It is, therefore, necessary to clear vegetation in the unit and regularly check it for debris. Particularly, when your neighborhood has been hit by a storm with severe winds.


2. Change the Air Filter


The filter of the air gradually becomes clogged, and this is especially a problem when it is dusty outside. Your air filter will be full of dust, debris and other particles that you want to vacuum out. The daily accumulation of these particles will make your air conditioner work harder, which will increase the amount of energy you have to pay for and increase the risk of it breaking due to faults. By consistently changing or washing the filter, you reduce the load that the HVAC unit has to take.


In most cases, you will need to clean your home heating and cooling system after every two weeks. If you are living in a dusty environment, you should clean it even more frequently. It is just a routine part of your maintenance plan.


3. Schedule Regular Maintenance Checks


Your HVAC system is no different from any other machine and requires regular maintenance to ensure it runs efficiently. A skilled technician can conduct checks and make repairs where necessary. Most of the HVAC companies offer service contracts which include periodic inspections.


Overlooking these tests can result in serious problems and costly repairs. However, not all problems will be visible to you but professionals will be able to detect them. Some things the expert will do during a routine maintenance check are:


  • Ensure that the thermostat is working.
  • Clean or replace filters
  • Lubricate moving parts
  • Check the refrigerant level
  • Listen for unusual noises
  • Inspect the condenser and coils


4. Do Not Obstruct the Airflow to Your HVAC System


Do not forget to give enough space to the HVAC unit for proper air circulation. Do not place furniture, rugs, or plants in front of the unit. Failure to do this will limit the airflow and the system will have to work harder, which means efficiency drops and energy costs increase. Airflow blockage can cause the unit to overheat.


5. Set the Temperature of Your HVAC Unit to the Ideal Setting


Although the temperatures, which you can set on a thermostat, mostly depend on personal comfort, many systems also have optimal levels of temperature that guarantee that the systems will utilize the energy effectively. You can try to look at the owner’s manual and get it solved or you may ask your service technician to help you pick up the most energy-efficient temperature. You don’t want to cyclically change the temperatures because that will only have your HVAC unit working harder than it should be.


6. Monitor Your Energy Bills


Monitoring your utility bills can help you understand how well your HVAC system works. If you observe an instant spike in your energy bills, perhaps it is time for your system to be maintained. Other problems may include inadequate refrigerant levels or a blocked filter. Apart from tracking the energy bills, evaluate the efficiency. How quickly does it heat or cool the home? Do you think it does not cool or heat your home enough?


7. Insulate Your Home


Another way to reduce energy consumption is to insulate the house. Appropriate insulation keeps your home cool in summer and warm in winter while helping you save some cash on energy bills. If your home is well insulated, the HVAC system will not need to work so hard to maintain a comfortable temperature. 


If you have a huge home, it would be best to get a steam boiler. Steam boilers allow for zoned heating in HVAC systems, enabling different areas or zones within a building to have individual temperature controls.


8. Seal Any Leaks Around the Unit


If there are any leaks around your HVAC unit, make sure you seal them. Leaks cause loss of conditioned air that may lead to increases in energy bills. The leaks can be sealed using weatherstripping or caulk. However, if the refrigerant lines are leaking then use sealant tape; otherwise get a professional to fix the leak.


9. Regularly Clean the Entire System


Regularly clean your HVAC system to ensure its smooth operation. It involves the cleaning of the inside and outside of the unit as well as the ducts. Clean using a brush or vacuum and vents with a hose. Cleaning the system makes the system more efficient and ensures that no dirty air circulates so that your family is safe from infections.


10. Consider a New HVAC System


If your HVAC system is old and inefficient, you should start thinking about replacing it. This new system can help you save money on energy bills and cut down on the emission of greenhouse gases. As you shop for a new system, make sure to talk to your HVAC technician who can help you find the ideal unit for your house.


Secondly, ensure the system’s star rating, ensuring that you get the best efficiency. Yet another reason to opt for a new unit would be when the existing one is not of the correct size causing inconvenience.


On the Note


There are many ways through which homeowners can maintain their HVAC system and minimize their energy costs. If you follow these suggestions, your home will remain cosy, and your HVAC will continue working properly. However, you should not treat maintenance issues lightly as they can require expensive fixes later on.